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United States congressional apportionment State population per electoral vote for the 50 states and Washington D. A state's number of electors equals the number of representatives plus two electors for both senators the state has in the United States Congress.
Each representative represents on averagepersons. The least populous state which is Wyomingaccording to the census has three electors; thus, D. This is because each of these states is entitled to one representative and two senators. Nomination[ edit ] The custom of allowing recognized political parties to select a slate of prospective electors developed early.
In contemporary practice, each presidential-vice presidential ticket has an associated slate of potential electors. Then on Election Day, the voters select a ticket and thereby select the associated electors.
In some states, the electors are nominated by voters in primaries, the same way other presidential candidates are nominated.
In some states, such as OklahomaVirginia and North Carolinaelectors are nominated in party conventions. In Pennsylvaniathe campaign committee of each candidate names their respective electoral college candidates an attempt to discourage faithless electors. Varying by state, electors may also be elected by state legislatures, or appointed by the parties themselves.
However, the Congress may remove this disqualification by a two-thirds vote in each House. Since the Civil Warall states have chosen presidential electors by popular vote. This process has been normalized to the point the names of the electors anti electoral college essays on the ballot in only eight states: In those states, the winner of the popular vote in each of its congressional districts is awarded one elector, and the winner of the statewide vote is then awarded the state's remaining two electors.
Maine and Nebraska use the "congressional district method", selecting one elector within each congressional district by popular vote and selecting the remaining two electors by a statewide popular vote. This method has been used in Maine since and in Nebraska since In most states, voters choose a slate of electors, and only a few states list on the ballot the names of proposed electors.
In some states, if a voter wants to write in a candidate for president, the voter is also required to write in the names of proposed electors. After the election, each state prepares seven Certificates of Ascertainment, each listing the candidates for president and vice president, their pledged electors, and the total votes each candidacy received.
The Certificates of Ascertainment are mandated to carry the State Seal, and the signature of the Governor in the case of the District of Columbia, the Certificate is signed by the Mayor of the District of Columbia.
Hayes and William A. Electors meet in their respective state capitals electors for the District of Columbia meet within the District on the Monday after the second Wednesday in December, at which time they cast their electoral votes on separate ballots for president and vice president.
The meeting is opened by the election certification official — often that state's secretary of state or equivalent — who reads the Certificate of Ascertainment.
This document sets forth who was chosen to cast the electoral votes. The attendance of the electors is taken and any vacancies are noted in writing.
The next step is the selection of a president or chairman of the meeting, sometimes also with a vice chairman. The electors sometimes choose a secretary, often not himself an elector, to take the minutes of the meeting. In many states, political officials give short speeches at this point in the proceedings.
When the time for balloting arrives, the electors choose one or two people to act as tellers. Some states provide for the placing in nomination of a candidate to receive the electoral votes the candidate for president of the political party of the electors.
Each elector submits a written ballot with the name of a candidate for president. In New Jerseythe electors cast ballots by checking the name of the candidate on a pre-printed card; in North Carolinathe electors write the name of the candidate on a blank card.
The tellers count the ballots and announce the result. The next step is the casting of the vote for vice president, which follows a similar pattern.
Each state's electors must complete six Certificates of Vote. Each Certificate of Vote must be signed by all of the electors and a Certificate of Ascertainment must be attached to each of the Certificates of Vote. Each Certificate of Vote must include the names of those who received an electoral vote for either the office of president or of vice president.
The electors certify the Certificates of Vote and copies of the Certificates are then sent in the following fashion:Jun 08, · For decades, the perception that an intrusive federal government promotes policies favoring African-Americans and other minorities at the expense of whites has driven anti .
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All electoral votes of the Electoral College electoral votes needed to win; Turnout: % pp.