Let us begin by defining the terms at hand.
If communismsocialism, capitalismliberalism, conservatismMaoismNazismetc. It is like asking a person his political ideology and then commenting on his choice as good or bad depending upon the context.
It is easier for an individual to say that he is a moderate or a liberal rather than choosing from one of the many complex political ideologies. But the situation is not that simplistic in nature.
However, we are here to differentiate between individualism and collectivism, which happen to be concepts that make it easy to understand and differentiate between different political ideologies. The words, collectivism and individualism, themselves make the meaning clear.
In collectivism, it is some sort of group rather than an individual who is at the centre of all social, political, and economic concerns, and issues. Those who are proponents of this ideology say that the interests and claims of groups it may even be a state supersede those of individuals.
Thus, a society being a group is considered to be superior to an individual. It is treated as some sort of super-organism over and above individuals that make it. Collectivism believes in the subjugation of the individual to a group, which may be family, tribe, society, party or a state.
Individual has to sacrifice for the collective good of the people. The proponents of collectivism consider their stand to be superior to those of individualists as they are morally superior thinking of the collective good of the group or the society.
For example, think about the institution of marriage. With a collectivist perspective of the marriage, the two people involved in it, husband and wife, are looked upon as a group.
Their individual values are lost if the marriage is considered more important than the two people. In such a situation, it is the collectivism at work. The focus of all thinking in individualism is the individual. When talking of political ideologies, classical liberalism comes closest to this thinking as individual human being is taken as the central unit of all analysis.
It is not that an individual is any different from the society. However, an individualist, even while remaining within the society thinks about his own personal interests.
This doctrine believes that society is there, but it is ultimately made up of individuals who choose and act. Racism is a good example of collectivism where the good or bad an individual of a particular group has done is attributed to the whole group.
Think that there is a family who considers their race to be superior to their neighbours who come from a different race. This family forbids their children to be friendly with the neighbours.Individualism Vs Collectivism Differences Between Chinese And American Value Orientations.
Text 6. Individualism versus benjaminpohle.com individualism-collectivism dimension refers to how people define themselves and their relationships with others. In an individualist culture, the interest of the individual prevails over the interests of the group.
The difference between collectivism and individualism is in what each ideology considers as important: the individual or the group. If communism, socialism, capitalism, liberalism, conservatism, Maoism, Nazism, etc.
were not enough to confuse people as different political ideologies, we now have to confront with collectivism and individualism. Individualism vs. Collectivism in Different Cultures: A cross-cultural study Individualism vs Collectivism in on these social power orientations.
Moreover, the differences between high and. This chapter will focus on five dimensions of cultural variability: individualism– collectivism, high–low context, value orientations, power distance, and uncertainty avoidance.
Each of these dimensions affects how people communicate. Individualism vs. Collectivism: Our Future, Our Choice Craig Biddle February 2, Audio PDF In The Objective Standard, Spring The fundamental political conflict in America today is, as it has been for a century, individualism vs.
collectivism. A similar integration of individualism and collectivism in Chinese advertising was reported by Cardon (), Tsai and Lee (), Cultural values reflected in Chinese and American television advertising.
Wang, X () Value differences between generations in China.