Prematurity What is prematurity? A baby born before 37 weeks of pregnancy is considered premature, that is, born before complete maturity. Slightly fewer than 12 percent of all babies are premature.
Free Essays Must Be Free! TM Impact Of Premature Birth On Development Essay While the free essays can give you inspiration for writing, they cannot be used 'as is' because they will not meet your assignment's requirements. Waste no more time! Impact of Premature Birth on Development Years ago, premature birth almost always meant death for the baby.
Although, very premature infants that is, those born before about the fifth month are still not likely to survive, many born at five months and older will thrive.
Some preterm babies, however, do have many obstacles to overcome. There are a variety of medical problems that affect some of them, they may have impaired mental or physical conditions, and they may be looked upon by others in their environment as slow, or they might be treated differently because they were premature.
All of these factors, plus a few more that will be discussed, affect the development of preterm infants into their adolescent years, and sometimes beyond. Many preterm babies are born with medical problems because they simply were not ready to come into the world yet.
They will not have very developed primitive reflexes, and they may look a little strange, with translucent skin, misshapen ears, and fine hair covering their entire bodies.
One of the biggest problems for premature infants is a condition called Respiratory Distress Syndrome RDSin which the lungs do not produce enough surfactant, which is the substance that keeps the airsacs in the lungs from collapsing.
It can cause some brain damage. This can also lead to brain damage if not caught in time. Premature infants also may just stop breathing, which is called apnea. This is why they must be closely monitored, for without close supervision, they could die. Another medical condition common to premature infants which affects the brain is Intraventricular Hermorrage, where the blood vessels in the brain bleed.
This affects most premature babies, but it is not very severe in most cases, and is easily treated. In more severe cases, it can be associated with cerebral palsy or mental retardation.
Premature infants generally show a lower IQ than full term babies, but only by about 10 points. This still puts them in the same IQ range as their full term peers. They are more likely to need special education classes later in life, though, and more likely to have to repeat a grade in school.
This is most likely because some premature infants have been shown to have some cognitive impairment when compared to full term infants of the same age.
Their memories are not as good, and their information processing speed is significantly lower. There have been many studies performed that compare the cognitive performance of preterm infants with full term infants.
One study in particular, performed by Susan A. Rose and Judith F. Feldman, tested the memory and the processing speed of preterm children versus full term children at the age of eleven.
They used the Colorado Specific Abilities Test, which is a comparison of eight paper and pencil tasks the child must perform. This test showed the degree of these four abilities: This test shows us exactly what aspects of speed and memory it is that pre and full term children differ in, and how much this difference actually affects them.
It is comprised of a set of basic cognitive tasks used to study the individual elements of cognitive processing.
The results they came upon are detailed, but they are not very surprising. In the general memory section and learning recallfull term children performed slightly better than preterms.
The researchers proposed an interesting theory as to why preterms have poor memory. They said that it might be directly related to the presence, and in particular, the severity The rest of the paper is available free of charge to our registered users.
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Its severity can range between a couple of days to a couple of months, and is curable in most cases.
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This is called an insanity plea or insanity defense. What the insanity defense does is try to give the alleged perpetrator a fair trial.The Birth Process and Complications Custom Essay • Provide an overview of complications of birth (preterm and low birth weight) or birth defects and their effects on development.
• Discuss some of the consequences of caring for these infants. The birth of a premature baby raises considerable concerns for parents. Certainly the numbers are unsettling. Nearly half a million infants are born prematurely in the United States each year – that is, about one in nine babies are born before 37 weeks of gestation, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The Mayo Clinic emphasizes, however, that not all premature babies encounter medical or developmental problems. "By 28 to 30 weeks, the risk of serious complications is much lower. And for babies born between 32 and 36 weeks, most medical problems related to premature birth .
Premature Birth Pregnancy is the fertilization and development of one or more offspring, know as an embryo or fetus in a woman’s uterus. A normal pregnancy should last about 40 weeks. Preterm birth is generally associated with a higher risk of infant disability and death because a baby needs the entire gestation period to develop properly.
About 25 percent of premature births are caused by early induction of labor or c-section due to pregnancy complications or health problems in the mother or the fetus (6).
In many of these cases, early delivery is probably the safest approach.