Using regression analysis and a newly constructed ethical orientation scale I find that journalists with affinity to adversarial and interpreter functions have higher levels of ethical aggressiveness. However, populist mobilizers are less likely to justify ethically questionable practices. Drawing upon recent studies, meta-analyses of ethical issues and reviews of ethical lapses in Bangladeshi journalism, this study covers three aspects. First, it explicates the media practices and journalism ethics theories as they relate to Bangladeshi media.
But the difference between a and the spectacle is not a trivial one, as the idea of one system of images implies that individuals have little power to contest dominant constructions.
This is why modern conceptions of the spectacle tend to be associated with a very passive notion of spectatorship. More generally speaking, the term spectacle is often employed in a pejorative manner to criticize public entertainments for manipulating the public or distracting it from more-important social and political issues.
But the term need not be reduced to these pejorative or critical uses. In descriptive terms, a spectacle is a public display, or, to be more precise, a public event that is notable for its impressive appearance.
This definition includes a range of different visually oriented cultural forms, from live theatrical performances to inanimate museum exhibits to reproduced images in film and television.
No matter what form a spectacle takes, what is most important is that it is watched or seen, with the most spectacular events drawing the largest audiences. The dominant forms of spectacle also change over time; poetic performance was an important type of spectacle in ancient societies, whereas modern societies are dominated by reproduced spectacle.
The importance of reproduced spectacle in the postwar period, as television spread, no doubt strengthened the pejorative connection between spectacle and passivity.
An important question today, then, is whether the emergence of new media will undermine this idea of a public that passively consumes spectacles by providing a venue where people can respond to what they see or even circulate their own creations. General Overviews The literature on the concept of the spectacle is quite fragmentary, with few works that could be classified as general overviews.
Works chosen for this section provide particularly useful discussions of the concept or comparisons of different views on spectacle.
Of these, Bergmann provides the best overall introduction to the term, and it is one of the few works that attempts to compare ancient and modern spectacles.
The remainder of the works focus primarily on the modern period. The specific subject of MacAloon is the modern Olympic Games, but the analysis develops a framework for employing spectacle as a cultural category, which is linked at the end to the work of Daniel Boorstin and Debord.
Garoian and Gaudelius surveys the contributions of many of the authors mentioned in this bibliography in an essay that criticizes the spectacular nature of visual culture in contemporary society.
Duncombe assesses the key features of fascist and commercial spectacle in order to develop an alternative, participatory conception of spectacle that is consistent with the aims of progressive activists.
The Art of Ancient Spectacle. Edited by Bettina Bergmann and Christine Kondoleon, 9— National Gallery of Art, It notes the problem of importing modern notions of spectacle into ancient societies, and provides extensive endnotes suggesting other sources to consult.
Often cited for its remark that modern conceptions of spectacle are distinct for the presence of the definite article the. Re-imagining Progressive Politics in an Age of Fantasy.
By Stephen Duncombe, — Garoian, Charles, and Yvonne Gaudelius. Art, Politics, and Visual Culture. By Charles Garoian and Yvonne Gaudelius, 23— State University of New York Press, Public Space in the Age of Spectacle.
Rehearsals toward a Theory of Cultural Performance. Edited by John MacAloon, — Institute for the Study of Human Issues, National Career Advice Portal is an online self-help tool designed to facilitate informed career and study benjaminpohle.com is brought to you by the Career Development Services, an initiative of the Department of Higher Education and benjaminpohle.com is the brand used to promote career development services.
Celebrities Commonly Mistaken as Being Jewish who are NOT JEWISH. Dan Ackroyd (French/British descent from Canada) Alan Alda (Italian-American star of MASH born Alfonso Joseph D'Abruzzo). For a selection of just the very best of Jim's list, read here. For Jim's picks of the best business books of all time, check out The Classics.
Books . In , the great Hungary-born conservative (he prefers the term “reactionary”) historian John Lukacs published an unfortunately not-very-good book called Democracy and Populism: Fear and Hatred.
News about World War II (). Commentary and archival information about World War II () from The New York Times. Media Ethics Abstracts.
Open Competition. Role perceptions and ethical orientations: An analysis of individual-level influences on ethical aggressiveness of journalists • Sheetal Agarwal • Using the American Journalist panel survey this study examines how role perceptions influence journalists’ ethical aggressiveness.
Factor analyses and scale reliability tests find that the.