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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Received October 31, ; revised November 3, ; accepted November 10, Keywords: The present study examined perceived stress, health habits, and daily hassles and uplifts among college freshmen.
We hypothesized that students with lower stress levels would be male, would have better self-care health habits, would experience fewer minor medical health issues, would have higher academic performance, and would experience fewer daily hassles and more daily uplifts than students who experienced high perceived stress.
Strong support was obtained for the hypothesis that students with low perceived stress had better health habits. Students with low perceived stress also experienced significantly fewer hassles and more uplifts per month.
There were no significant effects of perceived stress on grade point average or minor medical issues, and there were no significant gender differences in levels of stress.
The results could help college freshmen adjust to challenges of college by helping them understand some of the effects of stress and benefits of reducing that stress.
Introduction College students often experience stress from a variety of sources, including poor self-care habits, educational demands, daily hassles, and perceived control over stressful situations.
A number of studies have provided insight into stress and various aspects of health in college students. Previous research has tended to focus on one aspect of stress or one type of health behavior. We were interested in the role that perceived stress level played in health habits in college students, and thus we extend previous research by examining several hypotheses at the same time.
We hypothesized that stress levels in college students would affect self-care health habits, minor medical health issues, academic performance, and overall daily hassles and daily uplifts.
It is important to understand the complex issues of stress and health, with a main focus on college students, and an eye on what might be done to help future students. Garrard and Brumby  demonstrated that students perceive stress in a variety of ways. Ragsdale, Beehr, Grebner, and Han  hypothesized that students experience a period of stress during the week due to academic demands, as well as a period of weekend recovery that occurs while performing relaxing, enjoyable activities.
Students who engaged in weekend recovery activities rather than using weekends to perform more stressful tasks such as homework reported better wellbeing on Mondays.
Sleep and stress in students was studied by Lund, Reider, Whiting, and Prichard . Their results suggested that perceived stress was related to poor sleep quality.
Ruthig, Marrone, Hladkyj, and Robinson-Epp  studied the relationship between health behaviors and academic performance in college students.
Women reported greater stress and poorer self-care habits than men at the beginning of the fall semester. Both gender groups reported a decrease in stress as the school year progressed, perhaps from adjusting to the pressures of classes and living away from home.
Healthy eating is also related to stress in college students, as reported by Oliver and Wardle . Roughly half of the students stated that they ate less than usual under stress and the other half stated that they ate more than usual. DeLongis, Coyne, Dakof, Folkman, and Lazarus  studied the relationship of daily hassles and major life events to energy level and the frequency and intensity of somatic symptoms health issues.
They found only a weak relationship between major life events and somatic symptoms. Daily hassles, however, were significantly positively correlated with energy level, and both the frequency and intensity of hassles were correlated with illness.
This supported the hypothesis that daily hassles are more positively correlated with stress than major life events are. Manning and Fusilier  studied buffers as a means of lessening negative health symptoms potentially caused by stress.GENDER DIFFERENCES IN STUDY HABIT SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF YOBE STATE UNIVERSITY, DAMATURU, YOBE STATE, NIGERIA Dr.
Ahmad Tahir Adamu Koki and Umaru Abdullahi female in their study habits skills and facility, the researchers employed the survey design. Political Correctness (or being "P.C.") Since the U.S. is so diverse, there is a general practice of always respecting other cultures and people's differences, especially .
Jul 17, · Currently, both scientific literature and German mass media are discussing the discrepancy in school achievement between boys and girls, going so far as to call boys the new losers of the educational system (Spiewak, , August 5).Several studies have found significant gender differences in school achievement favoring girls over boys (Cole, ; Duckworth and Seligman, ).
A Background of the Study Students usually become aware of study skills when their learning habits are limiting their potential, don’t suit their personalities, or the . Link to College of Arts and Letters Programs Anthropology.
Undergraduate Courses/link to graduate courses Cultural Difference in a Globalized Society (ANT . The study involved second-year students taking a statistics course at the HSE International College of Economics and Finance in Moscow. The students take three written exams during the course of the year, with each exam being divided into two parts of 80 minutes by a small break.