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Peasants and townspeople rose against royal agents in opposition to a poll tax the royal government had levied upon them. While the poll tax was the immediate cause of the rebellion, it was the focal point for a litany of complaints about the economic oppression the landholders and government had forced upon working people since the Black Death.
In the three decades following the Black Death landlords and peasants struggled over customary obligations and duties. The plague created a labor shortage and an increased availability of land, and many peasants saw an opportunity for economic gain, but the landholders saw the potential for their own economic ruin.
The lords attempted to solve the problem using legal means, establishing laws such as the Statute of Laborerswhich fixed all wages at the levels ofbefore the plague.
Peasants who profited from higher wages received fines. Enforcement proved difficult since manorial lords, lesser gentry, wealthy peasants, and towns all competed for the smaller labor supply, but attempts to enforce the law nevertheless occurred, making lawyers and government officials the objects of resentment while driving rural village leaders and urban labor leaders into alliance.
A collapse in grain prices in the mids intensified the economic tension. To pay off debt from previous adventures, as well as to fund new military activity in France, in the Crown undertook a program of increasingly intense taxation.
Labor laws and landlords attempting to revive their manorial rights never provoked anything beyond local protest and passive resistance, but new taxes introduced in differed remarkably from traditional forms of taxation.
The taxes on parishes of and the poll taxes of, and taxed people rather than possessions or land, and they hit hardest in the populous areas of East Anglia. The tax was three times what it had been in One-third of the people who paid the tax in were missing—nearly half a million taxpayers.
Faced with a potential shortfall of one-third of its poll tax revenue, the government ordered the tax assessors back into the field and appointed commissions composed of local landholders and lawyers to investigate instances of evasion and collect delinquent taxes.
On May 30 an angry group of men, insisting that they had already paid their taxes, attacked two tax commissioners at Brentwood.
The commissioners fled, and villagers, fearing government retribution, banded together with men from nearby villages. The protestors sent word to Kent, where another rising had occurred, appealing for support. The peasants directed most of their violence against records rather than landholders, but some died, mostly sheriffs, justices, and tax collectors who represented the Crown and the magistracy.
The rebels vowed to destroy the institution of lordship yet fully supported their year-old king, Richard II —99who nevertheless was wary.
His mother; his chancellor, Archbishop Sudbury; his treasurer, Hales; and William Walworth, mayor of London, also retreated to the Tower for protection. Several leaders emerged, including Wat Tyler and Jack Straw. On Thursday morning, June 13, the mob arrived at the gates of London, and the city admitted them.
The exact number of rebels that day is unknown. The royal party soon realized it was trapped. Though safe in the impregnable Tower, they were too few in number to break out. Their only hope was negotiation. The king agreed to meet the rebels on June 14 at Mile End.
Friday morning Richard and his bodyguard of lords and knights rode out to talk with the mob. The king had to grant pardons and give charters of freedom to the rebels.
Furthermore they demanded abolition of serfdom, rent of servile land of 4d. Finally the rebels made Richard promise to punish traitors.
He conceded and the mob dragged Hales and Sudbury from the Tower and executed them summarily. By this point most of the rebels had grown tired and hungry from their long adventure, and many had received what they had wanted.
Charters in hand, they began to disperse homeward. They wanted more from the young king, and Richard agreed to meet them again on Saturday.
While the king prayed at Westminster, his nobles and the mayor mustered the London militia.Nov 25, · Why did the peasants revolt in essay. descriptive essay kite runner essays college admissions essays a genre of masculinity in advertising laws of life essay writing best essay writing service uk reviews arms references per words essay patientenkollektiv dissertation writing ghazal mimi khalvati essays dissertation.
Peasants' Revolt: Peasants’ Revolt,, (), first great popular rebellion in English history. Its immediate cause was the imposition of the unpopular poll tax of , which brought to a head the economic discontent that had been growing since the middle of the century.
The Peasants' Revolt, also called Wat Tyler's Rebellion or the Great Rising, was a major uprising across large parts of England in The Peasants Revolt is one of the most well known revolts of Medieval England, the revolt began as a local revolt in Essex in May of , but it soon spread throughout the South East of England affecting many smaller towns along the way and having the biggest impact on London when the people turned their grievances towards the young .
What Was the Peasants Revolt?
The Peasants' Revolt, TylerвЂ™s Rebellion, or the Great Rising of was one of a number of popular revolts in late medieval Europe and is a major event in the history of England/5(1). The Peasants' Revolt took place in and is a major event in the history of England. An army of peasants from Kent and Essex marched on London.
They did something noone had done before or since - they captured the Tower of London.5/5(1).